Tremors: Causes, Symptoms And Treatments

How would you define a healthy human body?

If being fit is your answer, how will you explain that?

  • A perfect physique
  • Glowing skin
  • Stamina
  • Strength to pick up heavy objects
  • Good immunity
  • Firmness in body movement

Well, yes. You are absolutely right. However, when you notice even one of the above-mentioned points to be a little shaky, you know it’s time to see the doctor. One such condition is the involuntary movement of certain parts of the body like the head, hands, face, legs, and even voice. It’s called tremors. It is an unintentional oscillating muscle movement, rhythmic in nature. It most commonly affects the hands and the head.


However, In some people, tremors are a symptom of neurological disorders or appear as a side effect of certain drugs.

What Causes Tremors?

Generally caused due to damage in parts of the brain that control motor functions throughout the body or in particular areas, like your hands. Neurological disorders or conditions that can cause tremors to include,

  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Stroke
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Neurodegenerative diseases, like Parkinson’s disease

Other causes include:

  • Certain prescription medications
  • Alcohol/drug abuse or withdrawal
  • Mercury poisoning
  • Overactive thyroid
  • Liver failure
  • Certain forms of tremors are inherited

What are the Categories of Tremors?

Essential Tremor:  An essential tremor can be mild and not progressive, or it may slowly progress if it progresses, it starts on one side and goes to the other within a few years.

Parkinsonian Tremor: A Parkinsonian tremor is the first sign of Parkinson’s disease, caused by damage to parts of the brain that control movement. The onset is usually after age 60.

Dystonic Tremor: A dystonic tremor occurs irregularly and complete rest relieves these tremors. This tremor occurs in people who have dystonia, a movement disorder characterized by involuntary muscle contractions. It causes twisting and repetitive motions or abnormal postures.

Cerebellar Tremor: A cerebellar tremor is caused by lesions or damage to the cerebellum from a stroke, tumour, or disease, such as multiple sclerosis, it can also be the result of chronic alcoholism or overuse of certain medications.

Psychogenic Tremor: The tremors are characterized by sudden onset and remission, changes in the direction of your tremor and the affected body part. Tremors decrease when you are distracted. Patients with psychogenic tremors often have conversion disorder or another psychiatric disease.

Orthostatic Tremor: It is generally called unsteadiness and it usually occurs in the legs, it’s a rapid, rhythmic muscle contraction that occurs immediately after you stand. The unsteadiness stops when you sit or when you start walking.

Physiologic Tremor: It is often caused by a reaction to certain drugs, alcohol withdrawal, or medical conditions, such as hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) or an overactive thyroid gland. Physiologic tremor usually goes away if you eliminate or treat the cause.

Treatment for Tremors

There is no known cure for most tremors. The treatment depends on accurate diagnosis of the cause of the tremors. Some tremors respond to treatment of the underlying condition, like treating the patient’s underlying psychological problem may cause the tremor to disappear.

Many forms of tremors can be treated with Symptomatic drug therapy.

Other treatments involve:

  • Medications: beta blockers, tranquilisers, and anti-seizure medications can be prescribed to treat tremors or at least reduce its effects.
  • Botox Injections: The injections are often given to people who have tremors that affect the face and head.
  • Physical Therapy: Physiotherapy may help strengthen your muscles and improve your coordination.
  • Brain Stimulation Surgery: This may be the only option for those with debilitating tremors. Physiotherapy

Our team of doctors at are compassionate and sensitive towards our patients and their conditions. We aim at delivering the best of our services to treat and cure our patients.

About The Hospital:
Neelima Hospitals is an aspiring ’go-to’ Multi-Specialty Medical Center for communities, that look for affordable and effective Healthcare facilities.  Dr P Neelima & Dr P Srinivasulu, the founding members of Neelima Hospitals aspire to ‘serve middle-class people, who need efficient & effective medical treatment, at affordable prices’. Their strong conviction and guiding philosophy motivated them to establish Neelima Hospital in the year 2008.

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